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Predicting cancer drug response by protoeomic profiling.

Authors
Ma-Y; Ding-ZY; Qian-Y; Shi-XL; Castranova-V; Harner-EJ; Guo-L
Source
Clin Cancer Res 2006 Aug; 12(15):4583-4589
NIOSHTIC No.
20030838
Abstract
Accurate prediction of an individual patient's drug response is an important prerequisite of personalized medicine. Recent pharmacogenomics research in chemosensitivity prediction has studied the gene-drug correlation based on transcriptional profiling. However, proteomic profiling will more directly solve the current functional and pharmacologic problems. We sought to determine whether proteomic signatures of untreated cells were sufficient for the prediction of drug response. In this study, a machine learning model system was developed to classify cell line chemosensitivity exclusively based on proteomic profiling. Using reverse-phase protein lysate microarrays, protein expression levels were measured by 52 antibodies in a panel of 60 human cancer cell (NCI-60) lines. The model system combined several well-known algorithms, including random forests, Relief, and the nearest neighbor methods, to construct the protein expression--based chemosensitivity classifiers. The classifiers were designed to be independent of the tissue origin of the cells. A total of 118 classifiers of the complete range of drug responses (sensitive, intermediate, and resistant) were generated for the evaluated anticancer drugs, one for each agent. The accuracy of chemosensitivity prediction of all the evaluated 118 agents was significantly higher (P < 0.02) than that of random prediction. Furthermore, our study found that the proteomic determinants for chemosensitivity of 5-fluorouracil were also potential diagnostic markers of colon cancer. The results showed that it was feasible to accurately predict chemosensitivity by proteomic approaches. This study provides a basis for the prediction of drug response based on protein markers in the untreated tumors.
Keywords
Cancer; Cancer-rates; Drugs; Medical-treatment; Pharmacology; Models; Proteins; Tumors
Contact
Yong Qian, The Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888
CODEN
CCREF4
Publication Date
20060801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
yaq2@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
15
ISSN
1078-0432
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Cancer Research Methods
Source Name
Clinical Cancer Research
State
WV
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