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Amino acid, mineral and fatty acid content of pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita spp) and Cyperus esculentus nuts in the Republic of Niger.

Authors
Glew-RH; Glew-RS; Chuang-LT; Huang-YS; Millson-M; Constans-D; Vanderjagt-DJ
Source
Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2006 Jun; 61(2):51-56
NIOSHTIC No.
20030744
Abstract
Dried seeds and nuts are widely consumed by indigenous populations of the western Sahel, especially those who inhabit rural areas. In light of the need for quantitative information regarding the content of particular nutrients in these plant foods, we collected dried pumpkin (Cucurbita spp) seeds and nuts of Cyperus esculentus in the Republic of Niger and analyzed them for their content of essential amino acids, minerals and trace elements, and fatty acids.On a dry weight basis, pumpkin seed contained 58.8% protein and 29.8% fat. However, the lysine score of the protein was only 65% relative to the FAO/WHO protein standard. The pumpkin seed contained useful amounts of linoleic (92 microg/g dry weight) and the following elements (on a microg per g dry weight basis): potassium (5,790), magnesium (5,690), manganese (49.3), zinc (113), selenium (1.29), copper (15.4), chromium (2.84), and molybdenum (0.81), but low amounts of calcium and iron. Except for potassium (5,573 microg/g dry weight) and chromium (2.88 microg/g dry weight), the C. esculentis nuts contained much less of these same nutrients compared to pumpkin seeds. In conclusion, pumpkin seeds represent a useful source of many nutrients essential to humans. The data in this report should of practical value to public health officials in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa.
Keywords
Amino-acids; Fatty-acids; Minerals; Nutrition; Food; Fats; Proteins; Trace-substances
CODEN
PFHNE8
CAS No.
64-18-6
Publication Date
20060601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dvanderjagt@salud.unm.edu
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0921-9668
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
State
OH; NM; MI
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