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Chronic airway disease due to occupational exposure.

Authors
Hnizdo-E; Kennedy-SM; Blanc-PD; Toren-K; Bernstein-IL; Chan-Yeung-M
Source
Asthma in the Workplace and Related Conditions, Third Edition. Bernstein IL, Chan-Yeun M, Malo JL, Bernstein DI, eds., New York: Taylor and Francis Group, 2006 Jan; :683-712
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20030420
Abstract
Long before personal cigarette smoking was widespread, medical writers recognized that dusty trades were associated with various lung diseases. Much of this, often termed "miner's phthisis," was due to inorganic dusts and is best understood by today's nosology as one of the pneumoconioses (with or without superimposed tubercular disease). Nonetheless, clinical syndromes consistent with chronic bronchitis or airway obstruction, in particular among persons experiencing heavy organic dust inhalation, were also well described throughout the 19th century (1, 2). In this chapter, we first present the epidemiological evidence of chronic airflow obstruction based on specific occupational or industrial groups relevant to cohorts with specific exposures. Second, after summarizing findings relevant to specific exposures, we will review the population attributable risk percent (PAR%) or attributable fraction of COPD and chronic bronchitis related to workplace exposures across all occupational groups rather than limited to a single industrial cohort.
Keywords
Airway-obstruction; Airway-resistance; Diseases; Occupational-exposure; Lung-disease; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-diseases; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Dusts; Dust-particles; Dust-exposure; Epidemiology; Surveillance
Publication Date
20060101
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Bernstein-IL; Chan-Yeung-M; Malo-JL; Bernstein-DI
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0824729773
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Construction
Source Name
Asthma in the Workplace and Related Conditions, Third Edition
State
WV; CA; OH
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