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Farmworker exposure to pesticides: methodologic issues for the collection of comparable data.

Authors
Arcury-TA; Quandt-SA; Barr-DB; Hoppin-JA; McCauley-L; Grzywacz-JG; Robson-MG
Source
Environ Health Perspect 2006 Jun; 114(6):923-928
NIOSHTIC No.
20030351
Abstract
The exposure of migrant and seasonal farmworkers and their families to agricultural and residential pesticides is a continuing public health concern. Pesticide exposure research has been spurred on by the development of sensitive and reliable laboratory techniques that allow the detection of minute amounts of pesticides or pesticide metabolites. The power of research on farmworker pesticide exposure has been limited because of variability in the collection of exposure data, the predictors of exposure considered, the laboratory procedures used in analyzing the exposure, and the measurement of exposure. The Farmworker Pesticide Exposure Comparable Data Conference assembled 25 scientists from diverse disciplinary and organizational backgrounds to develop methodologic consensus in four areas of farmworker pesticide exposure research: environmental exposure assessment, biomarkers, personal and occupational predictors of exposure, and health outcomes of exposure. In this introduction to this mini-monograph, first, we present the rationale for the conference and its organization. Second, we discuss some of the important challenges in conducting farmworker pesticide research, including the definition and size of the farmworker population, problems in communication and access, and the organization of agricultural work. Third, we summarize major findings from each of the conference's four foci-environmental exposure assessment, biomonitoring, predictors of exposure, and health outcomes of exposure-as well as important laboratory and statistical analysis issues that cross-cut the four foci.
Keywords
Occupational-exposure; Farmers; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-chemicals; Pesticides; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Public-health; Occupational-health; Health-hazards; Laboratory-techniques; Exposure-assessment; Environmental-exposure; Biomarkers; Statistical-analysis
Contact
T.A. Arcury, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084 USA
CODEN
EVHPAZ
Publication Date
20060601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
tarcury@wfubmc.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-R13-ES/OH-013378
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0091-6765
Source Name
Environmental Health Perspectives
State
NC; GA; PA; NJ
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