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Fire-generated smoke rollback through crosscut from return to intake: experimental and CFD study.

Authors
Friel-GF; Yuan-L; Edwards-JC; Franks-RA
Source
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006. Mutmansky JM, Ramani RV. eds., London, U.K.: Taylor & Francis Group, 2006 Jun; :483-489
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20030327
Abstract
Two mine fire experiments were conducted in the NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory's Safety Research Coal Mine that demonstrated that smoke from diesel-fuel fires of 500- and 660-kW heat-release rates in a return airway can develop, without causing a complete airflow reversal, into a roof layer that can migrate upwind, forming a counterflow to the primary airflow in a crosscut. Subsequently, smoke can penetrate into an intake airway and create a hazardous atmosphere in the intake airway upwind from the fire. Visibility conditions less than 13 m were created by the smoke in the intake airway downwind from the crosscut. Modeling of the event with a three-dimensional, time-dependent, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program correctly represented the smoke movement.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Mine-fires; Air-flow; Hazards; Mine-rescue; Fire-fighting; Miners
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Publication Date
20060605
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Mutmansky-JM; Ramani-RV
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0415401488
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006
State
PA
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