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Identification of risk factors leading to injuries among package delivery drivers.

Pan-C; Pratt-S; Hoskin-A; Lin-M
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 13-16, 2006, Chicago, Illinois. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2006 May; :9
The objective of this study was to determine risk factors for injuries to package delivery drivers. The courier industry is the fourth largest of the 10 segments of the transportation sector of the national economy. The rate of occupational injury and illness in the courier industry (12.8 per 100 FTE workers in 2003) was the highest of any segment of the transportation sector and 2.6 times the private sector rate. The days-away-from-work case incidence rate (5.8) was tied with air transportation as the highest in the sector and was 3.9 times the private sector rate. Detailed data analyses were conducted to determine priority injury problems and related factors. The Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) and Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) provided descriptive case and demographic data on fatal and nonfatal work-related injuries in the courier industry for 2003. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and General Estimates System (GES) provided detailed data for 2003 on the circumstances of fatal and nonfatal highway crashes involving step vans and walk-in vans. The leading causes of the estimated 22,410 injuries involving days away from work in the courier industry were overexertion (35.5%) and contacts with objects (19.2%) (SOII). On the other hand, almost 90% of 17 fatal injuries in 2003 resulted from highway crashes (CFOI). In 63.2% of the 4,175 nonfatal highway crashes, the van was the striking vehicle (GES). Of the 98 fatal crashes, 71.4% were collisions with another vehicle in transport, 10.2% were fixed-object collisions, and 10.2% were pedestrian collisions (FARS). Outcomes of this study will be combined with focus group studies to develop focused research hypotheses on the most significant variables contributing to manual materials handling and motor vehicle incidents.
Risk-factors; Injuries; Drivers; Transportation; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Occupational-health; Surveillance; Occupational-hazards; Air-transportation; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-accidents; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Accident-rates; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Risk-analysis; Motor-vehicles
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NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 13-16, 2006, Chicago, Illinois