NORA Symposium 2006: Research Makes a Difference! April 18-26, 2006, Washington, DC. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2006 Apr; :356-357
Occupational traumatic injuries affect all 130 million U.S. workers, regardless of their industry or occupation. Each day, an average of 15 U.S. workers are fatally injured. The leading causes of fatal occupational injury are motor vehicles, falls, and homicides, which account for nearly 3,000 worker deaths annually. Additionally, there are more than 4 million nonfatal occupational injuries each year. Despite gradual reductions of work-related injuries over the past several decades, occupational trauma remains a public health problem of significant proportion. Workplace injuries often affect workers in their prime, productive years, increasing their adverse effect on the involved families and communities, both socially and economically. The economic burden of occupational traumatic injuries rivals that of cancer and heart disease. As a result of the continuing toll of workplace trauma, NIOSH funded Occupational Traumatic Injuries: Closing the Loop from Science to Prevention as a NORA Research Initiative in fiscal year 2001. The overall objectives for the initiative are to: build on past NIOSH surveillance and research efforts in traumatic occupational injury to increase prevention impact; emphasize completing the Public Health Model to bring practical and effective prevention products to the workplace; and widely disseminate research results for application to worker protection programs. Through this NORA Initiative, NIOSH funded six projects which address various research priorities for occupational traumatic injury: three technology transfer projects and three intervention evaluation projects. The NIOSH Division of Safety Research, along with the Pittsburgh and Spokane Research Laboratories, each has projects funded through the Initiative. The projects were designed to be interdisciplinary and involve collaboration across NIOSH and with relevant stakeholders and industry partners. As work on the projects advance, significant efforts were directed to focus on research to practice issues to maximize the impact of the new information and protective devices being developed. To date, two of the six projects have been completed, with three more scheduled for completion in 2006, and the final one targeted for completion in 2008. The projects are leading to new knowledge for improving worker safety as well as updating consensus standards. Additionally, NIOSH research staff has been working with several manufacturers to further refine protective devices developed through the Initiative for application in the workplace. The overarching theme of Closing the Loop to Prevention, i.e., following the r2p continuum of bringing practical and effective prevention products to the workplace, is being demonstrated. The key accomplishments and impact of the Initiative projects will be summarized to exemplify successful strategies for transferring new knowledge and technology from science to prevention.
NORA Symposium 2006: Research Makes a Difference! April 18-26, 2006, Washington, DC.