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Linking environmental hazards and birth defects data.

Authors
Brender-JD; Zhan-FB; Suarez-L; Langlois-P; Gilani-Z; Delima-I; Moody-K
Source
Int J Occup Environ Health 2006 Apr-Jun; 12(2):126-133
NIOSHTIC No.
20030096
Abstract
The authors describe methods for linking birth certificate and birth defect registry data to potential environmental hazards and assess potential confounding factors. Cases of selected birth defects from the Texas Birth Defects Registry were linked to their respective birth/ fetal death records. Comparison births were randomly selected from the 1996-2000 Texas birth records. Maternal addresses were related through a geographic information system to boundaries of hazardous waste sites and point locations of industries. Approximately 89% of maternal addresses of case births and 88% of comparison births were successfully related in distance to these sites and industries. Maternal characteristics associated with living within one mile of these sites included belonging to any group besides non-Hispanic white and having lower education attainment (< 16 years) or a residence within the city limits. In linking environmental and health outcome databases, researchers should be aware of factors that may confound associations between exposure and outcomes.
Keywords
Reproductive-effects; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-hazards; Reproductive-hazards; Hazardous-materials; Industrial-emissions; Surveillance-programs; Waste-disposal
Contact
Jean Brender, PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Texas A&M School of Rural Public Health, Mail Stop 1266, University Drive and Adrionic Road, College Station, TX 77843-1266
CODEN
IOEHFU
Publication Date
20060401
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jdbrender@srph.tamhsc.edu
Funding Amount
993680
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-CCU-613232
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1077-3525
Source Name
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
TX
Performing Organization
Texas A&M School of Rural Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College Station, Texas
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