Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Second Edition. Rosenstock L, Cullen M, Brodkin C, Redlich C, eds., Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders, 2005 Jan; :893-901
Noise is one of the most prevalent workplace hazards. Hearing loss caused by noise is also one of the oldest known occupational diseases. Ramazzini identified noise-induced hearing loss in the 1700s at a time when the noise was almost exclusively from the hammers of carpenters, blacksmiths, or other smiths. The general mechanization of industry, farming, and transportation not only has increased the occupational range that exposes workers to noise but also, for the first time, has introduced significant exposures to uninterrupted or continuous noise. While most research into the adverse effects of noise has focused on damage to the auditory system (see also Chapter 20.2), some studies have also examined the non-auditory effects of noise on the cardiovascular and other organ systems. Noise in settings other than the workplace, such as homes near an airport, is also a rising environmental concern. Because these exposures, however, are not usually as intense as those in the occupational setting, this chapter will primarily focus on the hazardous effects of excessive noise exposure in the workplace.
Occupational-hazards; Noise; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Hearing-loss; Occupational-diseases; Diseases; Occupational-exposure; Noise-exposure; Auditory-system; Environmental-exposure
Book or book chapter
Rosenstock-L; Cullen-M; Brodkin-C; Redlich-C
Textbook of Clinical Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Second Edition