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Predictors of incidence and prevalence of green tobacco sickness among Latino farmworkers in North Carolina.

Authors
Arcury-TA; Quandt-SA; Preisser-JS
Source
J Epidemiol Community Health 2001 Nov; 55(11):818-824
NIOSHTIC No.
20029643
Abstract
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The characteristics of some populations make epidemiological measurement extremely difficult. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors that explain variation among incidence densities and proportions of one occupational illness, green tobacco sickness, within one such special population, Latino migrant and seasonal farmworkers in the United States. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 37 farmworker residential sites located in Granville and Wake Counties, North Carolina, USA. PARTICIPANTS: 182 migrant and seasonal farmworkers that included 178 Latino men, three Latino women, and one non-Hispanic white man. MAIN RESULTS: Green tobacco sickness had a prevalence of 0.082, and an incidence density of events per 100 days of 1.88 among the farmworkers. Prevalence and incidence density increased from early to late agricultural season. Major risk factors included lack of work experience, work activities, and working in wet clothes. Tobacco use was protective. CONCLUSION: Green tobacco sickness has a high incidence among migrant and seasonal farmworkers. Because workers have little control over most risk factors, further research is needed to identify ways to prevent this occupational illness.
Keywords
Farmers; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Occupational-health; Occupational-diseases; Tobacco; Tobacco-industry; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Worker-health; Work-environment; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Qualitative-analysis; Models
Contact
Dr Arcury, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem NC 27157-1084
CODEN
JECHDR
Publication Date
20011101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
tarcury@wfubmc.edu
Funding Amount
891533
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003648
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0143-005X
Priority Area
Work Environment And Workforce: Special Populations
Source Name
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
State
NC
Performing Organization
Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
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