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Vapor/solid chemisorption model for passive sampling of aldehydes.

Authors
Tsai-SW; Hee-SS
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2002 Aug; 17(8):551-560
NIOSHTIC No.
20029609
Abstract
The vapor-phase chemisorption isotherms of valeraldehyde (n-valeraldehyde; 1-pentanal) and acrolein (2-propenal) above the critical face velocity (7.5 cm/s) were investigated at 25 degrees C and 36 percent relative humidity (RH) for a passive air sampling pellet of 10 percent O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)-hydroxylamine hydrochloride (PFBHA) on Tenax TA solid sorbent (80/100 mesh). A dynamic air dilution system with syringe pumps generated the vapor concentrations and humidity for the exposure chamber. The O-oxime derivatives were desorbed with hexane for gas chromatographic analysis on a nonpolar capillary column and electron capture detection. The pellet capacity was about 30 micromoles. Adsorption of valeraldehyde was best fitted by a Langmuir or Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) I model. That for acrolein was described best by a Dubinin-Radushkevich model. A microporosity model explained why all the classical isotherms described the chemisorption behavior. An activated extrinsic precursor was suggested to facilitate the addition reaction by production of a protonated intermediate formed by the transfer of a proton to the aldehyde from an activated reaction site consisting of at least 2 PFBHA molecules.
Keywords
Air-sampling; Air-sampling-techniques; Sampling-methods; Workplace-monitoring; Gas-chromatography; Aldehydes; Exposure-limits; Mass-spectrometry
Contact
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, UCLA Center for Occupational and Environmental Health, UCLA School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
5470-11-1; 110-54-3; 107-02-8
Publication Date
20020801
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
515055
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003120
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1047-322X
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
CA
Performing Organization
University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
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