Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Lipid profile of firefighters over time: opportunities for prevention.

Authors
Soteriades-ES; Kales-SN; Liarokapis-D; Christoudias-SG; Tucker-SA; Christiani-DC
Source
J Occup Environ Med 2002 Sep; 44(9):840-846
NIOSHTIC No.
20029589
Abstract
Heart disease is the primary cause of on-duty deaths in firefighters, but little is known about their lipid profile. We evaluated the lipid profile in relation to other cardiovascular disease risk factors in 321 firefighters at a baseline examination. Prospective comparisons were performed for 285 firefighters, who were enrolled in a statewide medical surveillance program, and had complete follow-up data for 4 years. The average cholesterol level in firefighters declined from 224 mg/dL at baseline (1996-1997) to 214 mg/dL at the follow-up examination (P < 0.0001). Conversely, both obesity (body mass index > or = 30; 34% versus 40%, P = 0.008) and triglycerides (> or = 200 mg/dL; 27% versus 35%, P = 0.047) increased over time. The proportion of firefighters taking lipid-lowering medications increased from 3% at baseline to 12% at follow-up (P < 0.0001). Cholesterol levels declined significantly, and treatment rates for elevated cholesterol increased over time. Despite repeated examinations, a considerable number of firefighters had persistently elevated cholesterol, and only a minority were receiving adequate treatment.
Keywords
Case-studies; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Fire-fighting; Fire-fighters; Heart; Diseases; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-diseases; Demographic-characteristics; Sex-factors; Emergency-response; Mathematical-models; Models; Disease-prevention; Hypertension; Emergency-responders; Cardiovascular-system-disease; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-disease; Surveillance-programs
Contact
Stefanos N. Kales, MD, MPH, Cambridge Hospital, Department of Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Health, 1493 Cambridge Street, Cambridge, MA 02139
CODEN
JOEMFM
Publication Date
20020901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
stefokali@aol.com
Funding Amount
562193
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003729
Issue of Publication
9
ISSN
1076-2752
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Health Services Research
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
State
MA
Performing Organization
Harvard University, Department of Environmental Health, Boston, Massachusetts
TOP