Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Center of mass (CoM) kinematics at slip onset and slip severity.

Authors
Margerum-S; Cham-R
Source
Gait Posture 2005 Jun; 21(Suppl 1):S9
NIOSHTIC No.
20029408
Abstract
Epidemiological findings indicate that slip-precipitated falls are among the leading causes of injuries and source of high economic costs in older adults. Appropriate control of the center of mass in slipping is presumed to impact the severity of the perturbation and slip-initiated recovery biomechanics. The goal of this study is to investigate associations between the CoM kinematics evaluated at the onset of the slip, i.e. heel contact onto the slippery floor, and the severity of the slip. Sixteen healthy young (20-35 yrs) and 11 older (55-70 yrs) subjects were exposed to an unexpected slip after baseline gait characteristics were collected. Full body motion was tracked using an 8-camera VICON system (612) and CoM trajectory was derived. Slip severity was assessed based on the peak slipping velocity measured at the heel. ANOVA models were set-up to investigate the relationship between the CoM kinematics at slip onset and slip severity (p < 0.05). Maintaining the CoM closer to the leading (slipping) leg was associated with statistically significant decreases in slipping severity. Also, faster medialqateral CoM transfers to the leading (slipping) leg resulted in slipping velocity reductions. The main effect of age was significant in the ANOVA model investigating the impact of CoM position on slipping velocity. The magnitude of a slipping perturbation is significantly influenced by specific aspects of the CoM kinematics. These findings may potentially be employed to determine if an individual is predisposed to a slip/fall.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Injuries; Biomechanics; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Motion-studies; Models; Accidents; Accident-analysis; Surface-properties
Contact
Human Movement and Balance Laboratory, Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, 740 Benedum Hall, 3700 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15261
Publication Date
20050601
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
chamr@upmc.edu
Funding Amount
149354
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-007533
ISSN
0966-6362
Source Name
Gait and Posture
State
PA
Performing Organization
University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
TOP