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Use of qualitative methods to map job tasks and exposures to occupational hazards for commercial fishermen.

Authors
McDonald-MA; Loomis-D; Kucera-KL; Lipscomb-HJ
Source
Am J Ind Med 2004 Jul; 46(1):23-31
NIOSHTIC No.
20029306
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Understanding job tasks and estimating occupational exposures is difficult for self-employed or autonomous workers, who tend to be dispersed, with no fixed workplace, employment records, or historical exposure measurements. METHODS: We used ethnographic methods to collect work information for southern commercial fishermen. Major activities were mapped using the seasonal round, an anthropological tool that records activities of groups whose lifeways depend on natural cycles. RESULTS: Fishermen's work schedules depended on boat size, gear, market fluctuations, and regulations, as well as season. The seasonal round guided the analysis of qualitative data on annual cycles of activities increasing understanding of exposures and their variation. CONCLUSIONS: Combined with detailed exposure information this framework for organizing and categorizing seasonal activities could improve accuracy of exposure information and guide quantitative analysis in work settings that challenge standard exposure assessment methods.
Keywords
Biomechanics; Fishing-industry; Musculoskeletal-system; Environmental-factors; Ergonomics; Muscle-function; Humans
Contact
Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20040701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
mcdon055@mc.duke.edu
Funding Amount
249991
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004073
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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