Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Beryllium exposure: dermal and immunological considerations.

Authors
Day-GA; Stefaniak-AB; Weston-A; Tinkle-SS
Source
Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2006 Feb; 79(2):161-164
NIOSHTIC No.
20029265
Abstract
People exposed to beryllium compounds are at increased risk of developing beryllium sensitization and chronic beryllium disease (CBD). The purpose of this short communication is to present information regarding the potential importance of skin exposure to beryllium, an exposure and alternate immune response pathway to the respiratory tract, which has been largely overlooked in epidemiologic and exposure assessment studies. We reviewed the published literature, including epidemiologic, immunologic, genetic, and laboratory-based studies of in vivo and in vitro models, to assess the state of knowledge concerning skin exposure to beryllium. Reduction in inhalation exposure to beryllium has not resulted in a concomitant reduction in the occurrence of beryllium sensitization or CBD, suggesting that continued prevalence may be due, in part, to unchecked skin exposure to beryllium-containing particles. Recent developments in our understanding of the multiple exposure pathways that may lead to beryllium sensitization and CBD suggest that a prudent approach to worker protection is to assess and minimize both skin and inhalation exposures to beryllium.
Keywords
Beryllium-compounds; Skin-exposure; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Exposure-assessment; Immune-reaction; Laboratory-testing; In-vivo-studies; In-vitro-studies; Inhalation-studies; Sensitization; Genetic-factors; Author Keywords: Beryllium compounds; Skin exposure; Exposure assessment methods; Sensitization; Genetic factors
Contact
Gregory A. Day, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Mailstop 2703, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888
CODEN
IAEHDW
CAS No.
7440-41-7; 1034-56-9; 7787-49-7
Publication Date
20060201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
gdd2@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0340-0131
NIOSH Division
DRDS; HELD
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
State
WV; NC
TOP