Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Chlorine-induced injury to the airways in mice.

Authors
Martin-JG; Campbell-HR; Iijima-H; Gautrin-D; Malo-JL; Eidelman-DH; Hamid-Q; Maghni-K
Source
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003 Sep; 168(5):568-574
NIOSHTIC No.
20029218
Abstract
Exposure to chlorine gas (Cl2) causes occupational asthma that we hypothesized occurs through the induction of airway inflammation and airway hyperresponsiveness by oxidative damage. Respiratory mechanics and airway responsiveness to methacholine were assessed in A/J mice 24 hours after a 5-minute exposure to 100, 200, 400, or 800 ppm Cl2 and 2 and 7 days after inhalation of 400 ppm Cl2. Airway responsiveness was higher 24 hours after 400 and 800 ppm Cl2. Responsiveness after inhalation of 400 ppm Cl2 returned to normal by 2 days but was again elevated at 7 days. Airway epithelial loss, patchy alveolar damage, proteinaceous exudates, and inflammatory cells within alveolar walls were observed in animals exposed to 800 ppm Cl2. Macrophages, granulocytes, epithelial cells, and nitrate/nitrite levels increased in lung lavage fluid. Increased inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and oxidation of lung proteins were observed. Epithelial cells and alveolar macrophages from mice exposed to 800 ppm Cl2 stained for 3-nitrotyrosine residues. Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase with 1400W (1 mg/kg) abrogated the Cl2-induced changes in responsiveness. We conclude that chlorine exposure causes functional and pathological changes in the airways associated with oxidative stress. Inducible nitric oxide synthase is involved in the induction of changes in responsiveness to methacholine.
Keywords
Laboratory-animals; Animals; Animal-studies; Injuries; Airway-resistance; Airway-obstruction; Chlorine-compounds; Bronchial-asthma; Occupational-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Methacholines; Diseases; Dose-response; Chemical-warfare-agents; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Author Keywords: chlorine; inducible nitric oxide synthase; nitric oxide; oxidative injury
Contact
James G. Martin, M.D, Meakins-Christie Laboratories, 3626 St Urbain, Montreal, Province of Quebec, H2X 2P2 Canada
CODEN
AJCMED
CAS No.
7782-50-5
Publication Date
20030901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
james.martin@mcgill.ca
Funding Amount
375000
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004058
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1073-449X
Source Name
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Performing Organization
Hospital du Sacre-Coeur, Montreal, Quebec
TOP