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Biochemical markers of sperm function: male fertility and sperm selection for ICSI.

Authors
Cayli-S; Jakab-A; Ovari-L; Delpiano-E; Celik-Ozenci-C; Sakkas-D; Ward-D; Huszar-G
Source
Reprod Biomed Online 2003 Oct-Nov; 7(4):462-468
NIOSHTIC No.
20029152
Abstract
The expression of a 70 kDa chaperone protein, HspA2 (formerly called CK-M), has been identified in mature human spermatozoa. The central role of HspA2 has been established, as the expression level of this protein is related to sperm cellular maturity, DNA integrity, chromatin maturity, chromosomal aneuploidy frequency and sperm function, including fertilizing potential. The spermiogenetic events of cytoplasmic extrusion and remodelling of the plasma membrane, which facilitate the formation of zona pellucida binding site(s) in human spermatozoa, are related. Finally, the presence of the hyaluronic acid (HA) receptor on the plasma membrane of mature sperm coupled with the HA-coated slide sperm-binding assay, facilitates the testing of infertile men and the selection of single mature spermatozoa for ICSI. Because mature spermatozoa have no residual cytoplasm, the HA-bound sperm fraction is also enriched in spermatozoa that are normal by the Kruger strict morphology method.
Keywords
Biochemical-indicators; Spermatozoa; Spermatogenesis; Sex-factors; Sexual-reproduction; Fertility; Morphology
Contact
The Sperm Physiology and IVF Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA
CODEN
RBOEA6
Publication Date
20031001
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-004061
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1472-6483
Source Name
Reproductive Biomedicine Online
State
CT
Performing Organization
Yale University
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