U.S. and international standards on air quality.
IOHA 2005. 6th International Scientific Conference of the International Occupational Hygiene Association, 19-23 September, 2005, Pilanesberg National Park, North West Province, South Africa. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2005 Sep; :177
The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM International) is one of several U.S.-based consensus standards bodies. Committee D22 of ASTM International is designated "Air Quality" and, generally speaking, is a mirror of its international counterpart, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee 146. Both committees have subcommittees divided along similar lines, e.g. workplace air, ambient and indoor air, emissions, and meteorology. For workplace air, the subcommittees are D22.04 (ASTM) and TC 146 SC2 (ISO). Members of the ASTM subcommittee include, amongst others, current and retired federal agency representatives, measurement instrument manufacturers, product manufacturers who are potentially affected by the standards, academic researchers, and laboratories that use standard analytical methods. ASTM International standards include guides, practices and test methods and these are balloted at sub-committee, committee, and society levels. ASTM International committee D22 is the U.S. Technical Assistance Group (TAG) to ISO TC 146, and several members of D22 are also active on the ISO committee. Many other countries are represented in ISO, either as P- (Participating) or O- (Observer) members, and the only really significant difference between these two membership categories is the right to vote officially. Many European countries are represented by experts who also participate in the European equivalent committees, the equivalent for ISO TC 146 SC 2 being Comité Européen de Normalisation (CEN) Technical Committee 137. Other member countries with strong participation include Japan and South Korea and, most recently, Canada and South Africa. The currently active Working Groups for ISO TC 146 SC 2 are: (1) size-selective aerosol sampling, (2) inorganic substances (e.g. metals, acid mists), (4) organic substances (e.g. isocyanates, diffusive samplers), (5) fibers, and (7) silica. Standards produced by the ASTM and ISO committees will be presented, and new work items under consideration will be discussed.
Air-quality; Air-quality-control; Air-quality-measurement; Air-quality-monitoring; Analytical-methods; Aerosols; Aerosol-sampling; Inorganic-compounds; Organic-compounds; Silica-dusts; Silicates; Work-environment
Martin Harper, Exposure Assessment Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS-3030, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
IOHA 2005. 6th International Scientific Conference of the International Occupational Hygiene Association, 19-23 September, 2005, Pilanesberg National Park, North West Province, South Africa