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Disability management practices in education, hotel/motel, and health care workplaces.

Authors
Williams-RM; Westmorland-MG; Shannon-HS; Rasheed-F; Amick-BC
Source
Am J Ind Med 2005 Mar; 47(3):217-226
NIOSHTIC No.
20029063
Abstract
The high costs and the impact of work disability have become a growing concern for workplaces. As a result, workplace disability management approaches have been developed to lower disability costs, protect the employability of workers, and promote early return to work. A stratified random sample of 455 employers in education (n = 157), hotel/motel (n = 110), and health care (n = 188) sectors who completed a mailed Organizational Policies and Practices (OPP) questionnaire is reported. The OPP questionnaire asked questions about eight workplace disability management practices. The article examined the multi-dimensionality, internal consistency, and discriminant validity of the OPP and compares disability management practices across the three sectors. The OPP questionnaire showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.95) and discriminant validity. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for each of the eight subscales demonstrated that there were statistically significant differences between the sectors in ergonomic practices (F (2,452) = 15.8, P < 0.001), disability case management (F (2,452) = 4.6, P < 0.01), return to work (F (2,452) = 10.3, P < 0.001), and people-oriented culture (F (2,452) = 4.5, P < 0.01). On examining disability management practices in education, hotel/motel, and health care sectors, the OPP seems to be a promising instrument that can be used to assess and monitor how employers are managing disability.
Keywords
Health-care-facilities; Disabled-workers; Workers; Worker-health; Employee-health; Employees; Questionnaires; Work-environment; Work-practices; Ergonomics; Work-capability; Behavior-patterns; Management-personnel
Contact
Renee M. Williams, Associate Professor, School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, 1400 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 1C7
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20050301
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rwilliam@mcmaster.ca
Funding Amount
667241
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003523
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
TX
Performing Organization
University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas
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