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Airway responses to the inhalation of cotton dust and cotton bract extracts.

Authors
Schachter-EN; Zuskin-E; Buck-M; Witek-TJ; Godbold-J; Roy-N; Castranova-V; Whitmer-M; Siegel-PD; Bluhm-EC
Source
Respiration 2006 Feb; 73(1):41-47
NIOSHTIC No.
20029007
Abstract
Exposure to dust in the cotton industry is associated with respiratory dysfunction. Healthy subjects challenged with cotton bract extract (CBE) develop transient airway hyperresponsiveness. CBE, a major component of cotton dust, is potentially an important agent for studying byssinosis. To compare airway responses to cotton dust extract (CDE) and CBE in healthy subjects. In 21 healthy, non-smoking subjects we compared the effects of CBE and CDE in a double-blind random order, following a 10-min aerosol inhalation. The response to methacholine (MCh) 2 h following CBE or CDE was measured. Lung function was recorded using maximal (MEFV) and partial expiratory flow volume (PEFV) curves, measuring MEF at 60% of baseline vital capacity below total lung capacity [MEF(40%)(P)] on the PEFV curve. Responders were subjects who developed a 20% or greater fall in MEF(40%)(P) following extract challenge. Endotoxin levels were low for CBE (5.71 EU/mg) and CDE (31.88 EU/mg). There were 18 responders to CBE and 17 responders to CDE.The average maximal falls in MEF(40%)(P) were 70 +/- 4.9 and 70 +/- 4.4% of baseline (nonsignificant) following CBE and CDE, respectively. All subjects enhanced their MCh response following CBE or CDE. The MCh dose which reduced MEF(40%)(P) by 40% was identical for CBE and CDE (1.3 mug/ml). We conclude that CBE and CDE exert similar physiologic effects.
Keywords
Dusts; Dust-particles; Cotton-dust; Cotton-industry; Occupational-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Byssinosis; Aerosols; Aerosol-particles; Inhalation-studies; Lung-function; Physiological-effects; Author Keywords: Airway hyperresponsiveness; Byssinosis; Cotton bract; Cotton dust
Contact
E. Neil Schachter, MD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Box 1232, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA
CODEN
RESPBD
Publication Date
20060201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
709316
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2006
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-002593
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0025-7931
NIOSH Division
HELD
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders
Source Name
Respiration
State
WV; NY
Performing Organization
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
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