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Instructional practices at Farm Safety 4 Just Kids (FS4JK) safety day camps.

Authors
Mazur-JM; Cole-HP; Reed-D; Claunch-D
Source
J Agric Saf Health 2005 May; 11(2):257-264
NIOSHTIC No.
20028871
Abstract
The instructional methods used with 1,347 youth in seven Farm Safety 4 Just Kids (FS4JK) day camp sessions conducted in five states during the summer and fall of 2002 were videotaped. The videotapes, instructor questionnaires, and day camp materials were analyzed using an observation protocol that focused on instructional practices and an interaction analysis of instructor-student talk during the sessions. Results showed that instruction focused on hazard recognition, a high level of participant attention during all the sessions observed, and safety day camp content relevant to rural participants regardless of whether they live or work on a farm. Recommendations for improving instructional practice include better use of print materials, more interactive, participatory activities for students, and reduction of instructor-centered, didactic approaches. Given the high level of students' attention, increased involvement of students in active, participatory approaches might enhance the effectiveness of the instruction by: (1) further engaging students through personalizing hazard recognition, (2) contextualizing reports of injuries, (3) examining the complexities of choosing safe behaviors, and (4) paying more attention to the consequences of injury events. Role-playing, narrative simulations, and other types of interactive and collaborative exercises are instructional approaches that support the inclusion of the pre-event contingencies and post-event consequences that are part of all injury events.
Keywords
Farmers; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Safety-education; Safety-programs; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Children; Simulation-methods; Injury-prevention; Training; Author Keywords: Farm safety; Health hazards; Health protection; Tractors; Youth education
Contact
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Kentucky, 335 Dickey Hall, Lexington, KY 40506-0017, USA
CODEN
JASHFD
Publication Date
20050501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
jmazur@uky.edu
Funding Amount
800688
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-007534
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
1074-7583
Priority Area
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
Source Name
Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
State
KY
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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