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Contribution of occupational risk factors to the global burden of disease - a summary of findings.

Authors
Fingerhut-M; Driscoll-T; Nelson-DI; Concha-Barrientos-M; Punnett-L; Pruss-Ustun-A; Steenland-K; Leigh-J; Corvalan-C
Source
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 2005 Jan; 31(Suppl 1):58-61
NIOSHTIC No.
20028845
Abstract
The World Health Organization conducted a comparative risk assessment to ascertain the contributions of 26 risk factors to the global burden of disease. Five occupational risk factors accounted for an estimated 37% of back pain, 16% of hearing loss, 13% of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 11% of asthma, 9% of lung cancer, 8% of injuries, and 2% of leukemia worldwide. Virtually all cases of silicosis, asbestosis, and coal workers' pneumoconiosis were work-related. Contaminated sharps injuries accounted for 40% of hepatitis B, 40% of hepatitis C, and 4% of HIV/AlDS infections among health care workers. Data limitations, primarily in developing countries, prevented the inclusion of other major occupational risk factors. These selected occupational risks accounted for about 850 000 deaths and 24 million years of healthy life lost each year. The deaths due to these selected occupational risk factors constitute only 43% of the International Labour Organization's estimate of 2 million deaths worldwide due to work-related risks.
Keywords
Occupational-diseases; Diseases; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Back-injuries; Hearing-loss; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Bronchial-asthma; Lung-cancer; Injuries; Health-care-personnel; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Silicosis; Asbestosis; Pneumoconiosis; Carcinogens
CODEN
SWEHDO
Publication Date
20050101
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISSN
0355-3140
NIOSH Division
OD; DSHEFS
Source Name
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
State
DC; OH; CO; MA; GA
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