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Method for rapid identification and differentiation of the species of the Mycobacterium chelonae complex based on 16S-3S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer PCR-restriction and analysis.

Khan-IU; Selvaraju-SB; Yadav-JS
J Clin Microbiol 2005 Sep; 43(9):4466-4472
Members of the Mycobacterium chelonae complex (MCC), including M. immunogenum, M. chelonae, and M. abscessus, have been associated with nosocomial infections and occupational hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to metalworking fluid (MWF) exposures. In order to minimize these health hazards, an effective and rapid assay for detection of MCC species and differentiation of MCC species from other species of rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) and from one another is warranted. Here we report such a method, based on the variable 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region. Mycobacterium genus-specific primers derived from highly conserved sequences in the ITS region and the flanking 16S rRNA gene were used. Specificity of the primers was verified using the MCC member species, 11 non-MCC RGM species, 3 slow-growing mycobacterial (SGM) species (two strains each), and 19 field isolates, including 18 MCC isolates (from in-use MWF) and one non-MCC isolate (from reverse osmosis water). The ITS amplicon size of M. immunogenum varied from those of M. chelonae and M. abscessus. Sequencing of the approximately 250-bp-long ITS amplicons of the three MCC member species showed differences in 24 to 34 bases, thereby yielding variable deduced restriction maps. ITS PCR-restriction analysis using the in silico-selected restriction enzyme MaeII or HphI differentiated the three MCC members from one another and from other RGM and SGM species without sequencing. The enzyme MaeII discriminated all three member species; however, HphI could only differentiate M. immunogenum from M. chelonae and M. abscessus. Use of an optimized rapid DNA template preparation step based on direct cell lysis in the PCR tube added to the simplicity and adaptability of the developed assay.
Metalworking; Metalworking-fluids; Occupational-exposure; Hypersensitivity; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Health-hazards; Microorganisms; Analytical-methods; Ribonucleic-acids
Environmental Genetics and Molecular Toxicology Division, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0056
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Journal of Clinical Microbiology
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University of Cincinnati