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State-of-the-art measurement of agricultural pesticide exposures.

Authors
Fenske-RA
Source
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 2005 Jan; 31(Suppl 1):67-73
NIOSHTIC No.
20028806
Abstract
Accurate exposure estimates are a common goal for risk assessment and epidemiologic research. Current methods for measuring agricultural pesticide exposure have not been fully validated. Epidemiologic studies use questionnaires to estimate exposures, producing job-exposure matrices and exposure algorithms. Biological monitoring can assist in the validation of questionnaire data. Pesticide risk assessments tend to rely on models derived from personal measurements of dermal exposure collected in quasi-experimental studies. Such studies often place constraints on exposure variability. Observational studies of occupational pesticide exposure that incorporate repeated measures are needed to improve the quality of exposure information. Pesticide exposure of family members can occur through spray drift and para-occupational exposures. Residential proximity to pesticide applications has been investigated recently with geographic information system (GIS), and global positioning system (GPS) technology. Biological monitoring can help to characterize exposure pathways in agricultural communities.
Keywords
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-chemicals; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Pesticides; Occupational-exposure; Exposure-levels; Exposure-assessment; Epidemiology; Biological-monitoring; Models; Agriculture
CODEN
SWEHDO
Publication Date
20050101
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
rfenske@u.washington.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-007544
ISSN
0355-3140
Source Name
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
State
WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington
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