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Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis.

Authors
Panlilio-AL; Cardo-DM; Grohskopf-LA; Heneine-W; Ross-CS
Source
MMWR Recomm Rep 2005 Sep; 54(RR-9):1-24
NIOSHTIC No.
20028419
Abstract
This report updates U.S. Public Health Service recommendations for the management of health-care personnel (HCP) who have occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids that might contain human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Although the principles of exposure management remain unchanged, recommended HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens have been changed. This report emphasizes adherence to HIV PEP when it is indicated for an exposure, expert consultation in management of exposures, follow-up of exposed workers to improve adherence to PEP, and monitoring for adverse events, including seroconversion. To ensure timely postexposure management and administration of HIV PEP, clinicians should consider occupational exposures as urgent medical concerns.
Keywords
Humans; Immune-system-disorders; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Prophylaxis; Serological-techniques; Bloodborne-pathogens; Body-fluids; Health-care-personnel; Viral-infections; Drug-therapy; AIDS; AIDS-virus; Sexually-transmitted-diseases; Viral-diseases; Health-care; Health-care-facilities; Emergency-care; Paramedical-services; Disease-prevention; Aids-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Health-care-workers; Infection-prevention; Risk-analysis
Contact
National Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd., NE, MS E-68, Atlanta, GA 30333
Publication Date
20050930
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
alp4@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
RR-9
ISSN
1057-5987
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Report
State
GA; OH
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