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Ototoxic occupational exposures for a stock car racing team: II. Chemical surveys.

Authors
Gwin-KK; Wallingford-KM; Morata-TC; Van Campen-LE; Dallaire-J; Alvarez-FJ
Source
J Occup Environ Hyg 2005 Aug; 2(8):406-413
NIOSHTIC No.
20028192
Abstract
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted a series of surveys to evaluate occupational exposure to noise and potentially ototoxic chemical agents among members of a professional stock car racing team. Exposure assessments included site visits to the team's race shop and a worst-case scenario racetrack. During site visits to the race team's shop, area samples were collected to measure exposures to potentially ototoxic chemicals, including, organic compounds (typical of solvents), metals, and carbon monoxide (CO). Exposures to these chemicals were all below their corresponding Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) permissible exposure limits (PELs), NIOSH recommended exposure limits (RELs), and American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) threshold limit values (TLVs). During site visits to the racetrack, area and personal samples were collected for organic compounds, lead, and CO in and around the "pit" area where the cars undergo race preparation and service during the race. Exposures to organic compounds and lead were either nondetectable or too low to quantify. Twenty-five percent of the CO time-weighted average concentrations exceeded the OSHA PEL, NIOSH REL, and ACGIH TLV after being adjusted for a 10-hour workday. Peak CO measurements exceeded the NIOSH recommended ceiling limit of 200 ppm. Based on these data, exposures to potentially ototoxic chemicals are probably not high enough to produce an adverse effect greater than that produced by the high sound pressure levels alone. However, carbon monoxide levels occasionally exceeded all evaluation criteria at the racetrack.
Keywords
Ototoxicity; Organic-compounds; Lead-compounds; Solvents; Chemical-analysis; Chemical-agent-detectors; Occupational-exposure; Metals; Sampling; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-limits; Author Keywords: automobile racing; professional stock car racing; race shop; racetrack; carbon monoxide; CO; lead; organic compounds; solvents
CODEN
JOEHA2
Publication Date
20050801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
kristin.gwin@fsis.usda.gov
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1545-9624
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS; DART
Source Name
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
OH; NC; IN
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