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Mortality patterns among construction site electrical workers.

Authors
Robinson-CF; Petersen-M; Palu-S
Source
Implementation of Safety and Health on Construction Sites - Proceedings of the Second International Conference of CIB Working Comission '99, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 24-27, 1999. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers, 1999 Feb; :1-9
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20028178
Abstract
This study evaluated the mortality of 31,068 U.S. members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers who primarily worked in the construction industry and died 1982-} 987. Comparison to the U.S. population showed significantly elevated proportionate mortality for the diseases caused by asbestos: lung cancer (PMR=117), asbestosis (PMR=247), and malignant mesothelioma (PMR=356) and from fatal injuries, particularly electrocutions (PMR=1180). The findings of excess deaths for prostate cancer (PMR=107), musculoskeletal disease (PMR=130), suicide (PMR=113), and disorders of the blood-forming organs (PMR=141) were unexpected. Elevated mortality for leukemia (PMR=1 15) and brain tumors (PMR=136) is not inconsistent with previous reports of electricians with occupational exposure to electric and magnetic fields. Excess deaths due to melanoma skin cancer (PMR=123) are consistent with other findings of PCB-exposed workers. Results suggest that more detailed investigations of occupational risk factors are needed to prevent excess mortality for this occupation.
Keywords
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Exposure-assessment; Statistical-analysis; Ergonomics; Electrical-hazards; Electrical-industry; Electrical-workers; Electricity; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Magnetic-fields; Electrical-fields; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Morbidity-rates; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Lung-cancer; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system; Mesothelial-cells; Skin-cancer; Skin-exposure; Skin-disorders; Prostate-cancer; Asbestos-dust; Asbestosis; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Age-factors
CAS No.
1332-21-4
Publication Date
19990201
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Singh-A; Hinze-J; Coble-RJ
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9789058090362
NIOSH Division
OD; DSHEFS
Source Name
Implementation of Safety and Health on Construction Sites - Proceedings of the Second International Conference of CIB Working Comission '99, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 24-27, 1999
State
OH; HI
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