Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Search Results

Acute illnesses associated with pesticide exposure at schools.

Authors
Alarcon-WA; Calvert-GM; Blondell-JM; Mehler-LN; Sievert-J; Propeck-M; Tibbetts-DS; Becker-A; Lackovic-M; Soileau-SB; Das-R; Beckman-J; Male-DP; Thomsen-CL; Stanbury-M
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2005 Jul; 294(4):455-465
NIOSHTIC No.
20027916
Abstract
Pesticides continue to be used on school property, and some schools are at risk of pesticide drift exposure from neighboring farms, which leads to pesticide exposure among students and school employees. However, information on the magnitude of illnesses and risk factors associated with these pesticide exposures is not available. To estimate the magnitude of and associated risk factors for pesticide-related illnesses at schools. Analysis of surveillance data from 1998 to 2002 of 2593 persons with acute pesticide-related illnesses associated with exposure at schools. Nationwide information on pesticide-related illnesses is routinely collected by 3 national pesticide surveillance systems: the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks pesticides program, the California Department of Pesticide Regulation, and the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System. Incidence rates and severity of acute pesticide-related illnesses. Incidence rates for 1998-2002 were 7.4 cases per million children and 27.3 cases per million school employee full-time equivalents. The incidence rates among children increased significantly from 1998 to 2002. Illness of high severity was found in 3 cases (0.1%), moderate severity in 275 cases (11%), and low severity in 2315 cases (89%). Most illnesses were associated with insecticides (n = 895, 35%), disinfectants (n = 830, 32%), repellents (n = 335, 13%), or herbicides (n = 279, 11%). Among 406 cases with detailed information on the source of pesticide exposure, 281 (69%) were associated with pesticides used at schools and 125 (31%) were associated with pesticide drift exposure from farmland. Pesticide exposure at schools produces acute illnesses among school employees and students. To prevent pesticide-related illnesses at schools, implementation of integrated pest management programs in schools, practices to reduce pesticide drift, and adoption of pesticide spray buffer zones around schools are recommended.
Keywords
Pesticides; Exposure-levels; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-chemicals; Agriculture; Pesticides-and-agricultural-chemicals; Children; Employees; Employee-exposure; Employee-health; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Occupational-health; Health-hazards
Contact
Walter A. Alarcon, MD, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Pkwy, Mail Stop R-17, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
JAMAAP
Publication Date
20050727
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
walarcon@cdc.gov
Funding Amount
2238705
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008341; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008349; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008466; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008487
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Surveillance Research Methods
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
OH; NY; MI; DC; TX; FL; LA; CA; OR
Performing Organization
New York State Department of Health
TOP