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Evaluation of misting controls to reduce respirable silica exposure for brick cutting.

Authors
Beamer-BR; Shulman-S; Maynard-A; Williams-D; Watkins-D
Source
Ann Occup Hyg 2005 Aug; 49(6):503-510
NIOSHTIC No.
20027909
Abstract
It is estimated that more than 1.7 million workers in the United States are potentially exposed to respirable crystalline silica, with a large percentage having been exposed to silica concentrations higher than the limits set by current standards and regulations. The purpose of this study is to characterize the use of water-misting engineering controls to reduce exposure to respirable crystalline silica for construction workers engaged in the task of brick cutting. Since data concerning the efficacy of engineering controls collected at worksites is often confounded by factors such as wind, worker skill level, the experiments were conducted in a laboratory environment. A completely enclosed testing chamber housed the brick-cutting saw. Respirable dust concentrations were measured using the Model 3321 Aerodynamic Particle SizerŪ. Specifically, the laboratory experiment was designed to compare dust suppression through water misting using conventional freely flowing water techniques. Brass atomizing nozzles with three flow rates were used for making this comparison: low (5.0 ml s-1 or 4.8 gal h-1), medium (9.0 ml s-1 or 8.6 gal h-1) and high (18 ml s-1 or 17.3 gal h-1). The flow rate for freely flowing water, using manufacturer-supplied equipment, was 50 ml s-1 (48 gal h-1). The experiment consisted of five replications of five samples each (low-misting, medium-misting, high-misting, freely flowing water and no control). The order of sampling within each replicate was randomized. Estimates of dust reduction showed that low-misting nozzles reduced the respirable mass fraction of dust by about 63%, medium-misting nozzles by about 67%, high-misting nozzles by about 79% and freely flowing water by about 93%. Based on these results, it may be feasible to use misting to control respirable silica dust instead of freely flowing water. This strategy is of practical interest to the construction industry which must frequently limit the amount of water used on construction sites.
Keywords
Silica-dusts; Respirable-dust; Construction; Dust-control; Masons; Engineering-controls; Cutting-tools; Laboratory-testing; Dust-particles; Dust-suppression; Particle-aerodynamics; Dust-control-equipment; Dust-sampling; Sampling
Contact
University of Wisconsin-Stout, PO Box 790, Menomonie, WI 54751
CODEN
AOHYA3
CAS No.
14808-60-7
Publication Date
20050801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
beamerb@uwstout.edu
Funding Type
Construction
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0003-4878
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Control Technology and Personal Protective Equipment
Source Name
Annals of Occupational Hygiene
State
GA; OH; WI
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