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Development of a large particle aerosol distribution system for testing manikin-mounted samplers.

Authors
Smith-JP; Bartley-DL; Watkins-DS
Source
Aerosol Sci Tech 1999 May; 30(5):454-466
NIOSHTIC No.
20027717
Abstract
Personal samplers used to determine the inhalable fraction of workplace dust are tested while mounted on a manikin, which simulates a worker. To understand the mechanisms affecting the performance of such samplers, researchers must measure the airflow around the body where the samplers are mounted. Therefore, wind tunnel facilities to determine both airflow conditions around samplers and sampling efficiency are needed. A wind tunnel system was developed that was large enough to accommodate the top half of a life-sized manikin and employed a laser Doppler velocimeter for velocity measurements around the manikin. For generating particles up to 70 mu m, an aerosol generation system, using a two-dimensional scanning system to cover an extended area, was developed and tested. The generation system had carriages with linear bearings mounted on rod assemblies for scanning in the horizontal and vertical directions. Screw drives, powered by stepper motors under computer control, moved the carriages in a preprogrammed pattern. The generation system was characterized for its ability to generate uniform concentrations of aerosols over an extended area at wind speeds of 0.5 and 2 m/s and particle sizes of 7 and 70 mu m. Uniformity of concentration over the area studied, in the absence of the manikin, was 10% relative standard deviation (RSD) or better, except for 7 mu m particles at a wind speed of 0.5 m/s where some nonuniformity was observed. The uniformity under these conditions was improved by rearranging the distances between components in the wind tunnel.
Keywords
Particulate-dust; Particulate-sampling-methods; Aerosol-generators; Aerosol-particles; Aerosol-sampling; Aerosols; Respirable-dust; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Sampling; Sampling-equipment; Sampling-methods; Analytical-methods; Analytical-models; Analytical-processes; Statistical-analysis
CODEN
ASTYDQ
Publication Date
19990501
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0278-6826
NIOSH Division
DPSE
Source Name
Aerosol Science and Technology
State
OH
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