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Cancer mortality among women employed in fast-growing U.S. occupations.

Authors
Roinson-CF; Burnett-CA; Walker-J
Source
Am J Ind Med 1999 Jul; 36(1):186-192
NIOSHTIC No.
20027696
Abstract
Our study examined cancer mortality before the age of 65 for women employed in the fastest growing and/or traditionally female occupations. Analysis of mortality data from 28 U.S. states for 1984-1995 revealed elevated proportionate cancer mortality ratios (PCMRs). The highest PCMRs observed were thyroid cancer among health aides, lymphatic and multiple myeloma among computer programmers, and brain cancer among actresses and directresses. Some of the excess mortality occurred for occupations that have been previously cited. These included elevated breast and ovarian cancer among teachers, Hodgkin's disease among hairdressers and cosmetologists, and thyroid cancer among health aides and therapists. A few of the associations were new, i.e., had not been previously observed. These included cancer of the connective tissue and lymphatic system among computer programmers, ovarian cancer and leukemia among secretaries, and lymphatic cancer and multiple myeloma among child care workers. These findings should be further investigated with epidemiologic and environmental studies.
Keywords
Age-factors; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Statistical-analysis; Cancer-rates; Cancer; Thyroid-gland; Thyroid-gland-disorders; Brain-disorders; Breast-cancer; Hairdressers; Cosmetics-workers; Child-care-workers; Demographic-characteristics; Health-care-personnel; Teaching; Occupational-health; Occupational-hazards; Women
Contact
Cynthia F. Robinson, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
19990701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
CFR2@CDC.GOV
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
OH
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