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Laboratory evaluation of pressure differential-based respirable dust detector tube.

Authors
Volkwein-JC; Schoeneman-AL; Page-SJ
Source
Proceedings of the Eighth US Mine Ventilation Symposium, Rolla, Missouri, June 11-17, 1999. Rolla, Missouri: University of Missouri-Rolla Press, 1999 Jun; :255-262
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20027488
Abstract
A new type of respirable dust sampler was developed and compared side-by-side to personal gravimetric samplers in the laboratory. The new sampler correlates filter back pressure with mass accumulation to provide mid-shift- and end-of-shift determinations of cumulative exposure. The sampler uses a small low flow rate pump to draw dust through a small detector tube that contains a porous urethane foam respirable classification section and glass fiber filter that collects respirable dust. Six different coal dusts were aerosolized in a laboratory dust chamber and a total of 119 triplicate observations were obtained. For individual coal types, the correlation coefficients were between 0.87 and 0.97. The precision of the two methods was similar, with the percent relative standard deviation of the personal samplers of 12 percent and the new detector method of 14 percent. For all coal types tested th data were best described by a power function where delta P = 1.43 mass (0.85), with a correlation coefficient of 0.73. The method becomes more accurate at higher dust loadings such that all laboratory data with mass loadings greater than an equivalent concentration of 2 mg/m3 fall within +/- 25 percent of the power function. Assessment of the method under field conditions is in progress.
Keywords
Respirable-dust; Monitors; Exposure-levels; Coal-dust; Samplers; Sampling-equipment; Sampling; Exposure-methods; Aerosols
Publication Date
19990611
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Tien-JC
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
1887009043
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Proceedings of the Eighth US Mine Ventilation Symposium, Rolla, Missouri, June 11-17, 1999
State
PA; MO
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