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Unintentional topical lindane ingestions - United States, 1998-2003.

Authors
Sievert-J; Lackovic-M; Becker-A; Lew-DH; Morrissey-B; Blondell-J; Kim-Jung-LY; Pitts-MR; Holquist-CA; Petersen-AM; Alonso-Katzowitz-JS; Calvert-GM
Source
MMWR 2005 Jun; 54(21):533-535
NIOSHTIC No.
20027467
Abstract
Lindane is an organochlorine pesticide found in certain prescription-only shampoos and topical lotions used to treat pediculosis (i.e., lice infestation) and scabies; lindane has been associated with human neurologic toxicity. In 2004, CDC was alerted to cases of illness caused by unintentional ingestion of lindane by persons mistaking the product for a liquid oral medication (e.g., cough syrup). To assess the extent of illness from ingestion of lindane, CDC, with assistance from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and state health departments, collected case reports and analyzed data from the Sentinel Event Notification System for Occupational Risks-Pesticides (SENSOR-Pesticides) program and the Toxic Exposure Surveillance System (TESS). This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which identified 870 cases of unintentional lindane ingestion during 1998--2003, and describes two examples of lindane ingestions. To reduce the risk of lindane ingestion, public health authorities should alert clinicians to the hazards of lindane and the importance of following FDA usage guidelines, which include dispensing lindane in manufacturer-produced, 1- or 2-ounce single-use containers.
Keywords
Pesticides; Organo-chlorine-compounds; Lotions; Neurotoxicity; Surveillance-programs; Poison-control; Emergency-treatment; Toxic-effects; Exposure-assessment
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
58-89-9; 52645-53-1; 121-75-5; 121-29-9
Publication Date
20050603
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008349
Issue of Publication
21
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
DC; FL; LA; OH; OR; TX; WA
Performing Organization
Texas Department of Health
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