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Risk factors for female infertility in an agricultural region.

Authors
Greenlee-AR; Arbuckle-TE; Chyou-PH
Source
Epidemiology 2003 Jul; 14(4):429-436
NIOSHTIC No.
20027352
Abstract
Recent studies have suggested that agricultural occupations or exposure to pesticides may impair female fertility. The Fertility Risk Factor Study retrospectively examined agricultural and residential exposures and the risk of female infertility. Cases and controls (N = 322 each) came from women who sought treatment at a large group medical clinic in Wisconsin. Women and their male partners provided information on health, occupational and lifestyle exposures in response to a telephone interview during 1997-2001. Mixing and applying herbicides 2 years before attempting conception was more common among infertile women (odds ratio [OR] = 27; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.9-380), as was the use of fungicides (OR = 3.3; CI = 0.8-13). Residing on a farm, ranch or in a rural area during this time period was protective of female fertility. Households supplied with central Wisconsin groundwater were at less risk for infertility than households using municipal sources (OR = 0.6; CI = 0.4-0.9). Behavioral risk factors included alcohol consumption (OR = 1.8; 1.2-2.5), smoking (1.6; 0.9-2.9), passive smoke exposure (1.8; 1.2-2.5), steady weight gain in adult life (3.5; 2.0-6.1), and having a male partner over the age of 40 (4.5; 1.2-16.3). Drinking 3 or more glasses of milk per day was protective of female fertility (0.3; 0.1-0.7). These results suggest that certain agricultural, residential and lifestyle choices may modify the risk of female infertility.
Keywords
Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Sex-factors; Agriculture; Pesticides; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Fungicides; Behavior-patterns; Alcoholism; Smoking
Contact
Anne R. Greenlee, Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation, 1000 North Oak Avenue, 2R5, Marshfield, WI 54449
CODEN
EPIDEY
Publication Date
20030701
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
greenlee.anne@mmrf.mfldclin.edu
Funding Amount
1155892
Funding Type
Agriculture; Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-CCU-514436
Issue of Publication
4
ISSN
1044-3983
Source Name
Epidemiology
State
WI
Performing Organization
Marshfield Medical Research & Education Foundation, Marshfield, Wisconsin
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