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Mortality analysis of African-American and white waitresses.

Authors
Walker-JT; Burnett-CA
Source
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 1995 Oct; :416
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20027322
Abstract
A mortality study of 20,217 deaths occurring among women employed as waitresses in 27 states is described. Race-cause-specific proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) were computed, using the corresponding 27-state mortality as the comparison. White female waitresses had excess mortality due to HIV, cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung, and bladder. Mortality was also elevated among white female waitresses for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, and homicide. A similar pattern was seen for black female waitresses with elevated mortality for cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx and lung. Black females also had excess mortality due to malignant neoplasms of female genital organs, while HIV mortality was not elevated. Mortality for COPD, liver disease, and homicide were also elevated among black females. This study suggests public health intervention on behalf of waiters and waitresses to prevent or control occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and to educate about health risks from smoking and consumption of alcohol.
Keywords
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Larynx-cancer; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Bronchial-cancer; Smoking; Tobacco-smoke; Food-services; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Liver-disorders
Publication Date
19951029
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995
State
CA; DC; OH
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