Occupational injury patterns among older workers in the United States, 1980-1991.
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 1995 Oct; :137
Data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system indicate that workers aged 65 years and older had the highest rates of work-related injury death in every occupation and industry division except mining from 1980 through 1991. There were 5,211 occupational fatalities of workers aged 65 years and older for the 12-year period. The average annual fatality rate of 14.1 per 100,000 workers was 2.7 times the rate for workers aged 16 to 64. The four leading causes of death among workers aged 65 and older were machines, motor vehicles, homicides, and falls. The highest industry-specific rates were in mining (including oil and gas extraction), agriculture/forestry/fishing (AFF), construction, and transportation/communications/public utilities (TCPU). The highest rates by cause of death and industry were observed for machinery-related incidents in AFF and in mining, and motor vehicle incidents in TCPU. The rate of machinery-related fatalities among males aged 65 and older was 5.4 times the rate for males aged 16 to 64. The homicide rate for females aged 65 and older was 2.3 times the rate for females aged 16 to 64. The fatality rate for falls among females aged 65 and older was 13.3 times the rate for females aged 16 to 64. Ongoing prevention efforts need to focus on those groups of older workers that work around or operate machines and motor vehicles and also on those workers who are at an increased risk for fatalities from falls or violence in the workplace.
Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Demographic-characteristics; Abrasives; Age-factors; Age-groups; Injuries; Industrial-safety; Industrial-hazards; Statistical-analysis; Mining-industry; Construction-industry; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Construction-workers; Mine-workers; Miners; Motor-vehicles
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995