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Nanotechnology and strategies to ensure occupational health.

Authors
Maynard-A
Source
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 21-26, 2005, Anaheim, California. Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 2005 May; :1
NIOSHTIC No.
20027234
Abstract
Nanoscience is a promising and rapidly advancing technological activity sponsored by governments and business entities throughout the world. Nanotechnology allows researchers and manufacturers to utilize matter at the level of single atoms, or small groups of atoms, to construct new or enhanced materials. Potential applications include sensors, catalysts, conductors, microchips, processors, medical devices, and pollutant adsorption matrices. Particle sizes are, by definition, one hundred billionth of a meter (100 nm) down to the size of atoms (about 0.2 nm). Nanotechnology, however, may present significant hazards to the environment and people who are potentially exposed to the fabricated nanomaterials. Toxicological studies have indicated that exponential increases in surface areas per unit mass of nanomaterials can dramatically change their chemical reactivities as compared to the parent compounds. It is imperative that Health and Safety Professionals develop an appreciation for these concerns and address them in a timely manner. This presentation is designed to initiate the process by assembling experts who are on the forefront of the issues and qualified to share their insights."
Keywords
Occupational-health; Environmental-hazards; Hazards; Exposure-levels; Occupational-exposure; Health-hazards; Nanotechnology
Publication Date
20050521
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition, May 21-26, 2005, Anaheim, California
State
OH
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