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Adult blood lead epidemiology and surveillance - United States, second and third quarters, 1998, and annual 1994-1997.

Authors
Lofgren-JP; Schaller-K; Payne-S; Jung-BC; Gergely-R; Davis-W; Keyvan-Larijani-E; Rabin-R; Allemier-A; Falken-M; DeLaurier-C; Gerwel-B; Prophet-R; Stone-R; Randolph-S; Migliozzi-A; Rhoades-E; Sandoval-A; Gostin-J; Stoeckel-M; Gardner-Hillian-A; Salzman-D; Ball-W; Toof-L; Rajaraman-P; Tierney-J; Klietz-T
Source
MMWR 1999 Mar; 48(10):213-216, 223
NIOSHTIC No.
20026791
Abstract
Chronic lead exposure in adults can damage the cardiovascular, central nervous, renal, reproductive, and hematologic systems. CDC's Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program monitors laboratory-reported elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) among adults in the United States. During 1998, 27 states * reported surveillance data to ABLES. This report presents prevalence data for elevated BLLs for the second and third quarters of 1998 and compares them with corresponding quarters of 1997, and presents annual prevalence data for elevated BLLs from 1994 through 1997 for each participating state. The findings indicate that of the approximately 20,000 persons tested for blood lead and reported to ABLES each quarter, approximately 4000 BLLs were elevated. The 1994-1997 prevalence rates of elevated BLLs among adults provide a crude comparison of the levels and trends among the 27 states participating in the program.
Keywords
Lead-absorption; Lead-compounds; Lead-dust; Blood-analysis; Blood-sampling; Central-nervous-system-disorders; Blood-disorders; Reproductive-system-disorders; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Kidney-disorders; Environmental-exposure; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Neurotoxic-effects; Surveillance-programs; Region-1; Region-10; Region-2; Region-3; Region-4; Region-5; Region-6; Region-7; Region-8; Region-9
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
7439-92-1
Publication Date
19990319
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
10
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
AL; CA; AZ; CT; IA; ME; MD; MA; MI; MN; NH; NJ
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