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Delivery man struck by vehicle while stopped on roadway to change delivery van flat tire.

NIOSH 2001 Dec; :1-5
On February 13, 2001, a 49 -year old male died from injuries sustained when he was struck by another vehicle after pulling off a roadway to a paved shoulder to change a blown passenger side front tire. (See Figure 1). It is unknown where the driver experienced the blown passenger tire. The incident occurred on an asphalt two-lane road, speed limit 45 mph, near an interchange for a major expressway. The interchange ran east-west, and the asphalt road ran north-south. The incident occurred mid morning, the roadway was dry, and visibility was good. There were three vehicles involved in this incident: the victimís cargo style delivery van (Vehicle 1), a light duty truck (Vehicle 2) and a passenger car (Vehicle 3). The victim, heading north on the asphalt road pulled his delivery van (Vehicle 1) off the road onto the paved shoulder. He exited the van and opened the two split rear doors. Vehicle 2 was traveling northbound at approximately 54 mph. Vehicle 3 was traveling southbound at approximately 14 mph. Just south of the where the delivery van was parked, Vehicle 3 appeared to make a u-turn to travel north. Vehicle 3, while making the u-turn, struck Vehicle 2 on the driverís side door. The collision caused Vehicle 2 to uncontrollably slide to the right toward the delivery van. Vehicle 2ís passenger side truck bed struck both the victim who was standing at the rear of the delivery van and the left rear side of the delivery van. Vehicle 2 continued to slide northbound for approximately 80 feet, coming to rest facing north on the northbound shoulder. Vehicle 3 came to rest facing north on the southbound lane shoulder. One of the drivers involved in the collision called 911, and emergency personnel arrived shortly thereafter. The victim was pronounced dead at the scene due to injuries sustained at the crash site. Recommendations: 1. Employers who have delivery vehicles should develop a written vehicle safety management procedure that includes a vehicle inspection checklist. 2. When changing a tire, choose a safe location out of the flow of traffic and use hazard warnings, such as emergency flashers, flares or reflectorized triangles to alert other drivers.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-practices; Safety-measures; Traumatic-injuries; Region-5; Drivers; Truck-drivers
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-01MI025; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-521205
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Michigan State University