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Silicosis mortality, prevention, and control - United States, 1968-2002.

Authors
Bang-KM; Mazurek-JM; Attfield-MD
Source
MMWR 2005 Apr; 54(16):401-405
NIOSHTIC No.
20026594
Abstract
Silicosis is a preventable occupational lung disease caused by inhaling dust containing crystalline silica (1); no effective treatment for silicosis is available. Deaths from inhalation of silica-containing dust can occur after a few months’ exposure (1). Crystalline silica exposure and silicosis have been associated with work in mining, quarrying, tunneling, sandblasting, masonry, foundry work, glass manufacture, ceramic and pottery production, cement and concrete production, and work with certain materials in dental laboratories. To describe patterns of silicosis mortality in the United States, CDC analyzed data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Respiratory Mortality System (NORMS) for 1968-2002. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated a decline in silicosis mortality during 1968-2002 and suggested that progress has been made in reducing the incidence of silicosis in the United States. However, silicosis deaths and new cases still occur, even in young workers. Because no effective treatment for silicosis is available, effective control of exposure to crystalline silica in the workplace is crucial.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Silica-dusts; Silicosis; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Disease-prevention; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Surveillance
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
14808-60-7
Publication Date
20050429
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
16
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
WV
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