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An industrial truck operator was crushed when the forklift he was driving down a ramp skidded off a ramp and tipped over and pinned him between the forklift, the ground and a parked car.

NIOSH 1998 Jul; :1-4
On Thursday, January 15, 1998 a 33-year-old male industrial truck operator (the victim) was fatally injured when the forklift he was driving down a ramp, lost traction and skidded off the side of the ramp. He was bringing the forklift out of the building, where it had been stored over night, into the yard where it was to be used during the day. After the victim started his forklift, he went outside to spread an ice melting compound on the ramp. He then went on to drive the vehicle down the ramp. Approximately halfway down the ramp the back end of the forklift began to skid to the right. The victim attempted to correct the skid. However, before he could straighten it out, the left front wheel struck the left lip of the ramp, and the front end went off the ramp and tipped over to the left. The victim tried to jump free of the forklift but he jumped in the direction the vehicle was tilting. The forklift's overhead guard struck and pinned the victim to the ground and against an automobile parked nearby. A witness to the incident tried to help but was unable to move the forklift. He ran to the office and called 911. Emergency crews responded within minutes and used air bags to raise the forklift and removed the victim. He was pronounced dead at the scene of the accident. The MD/FACE Field Investigator concluded that to prevent similar future occurrences, employers should: 1. Train employees in the proper use of de-icing agents. 2. Train forklift operators in the OSHA proposed guidelines for power equipment operators. 3. Require the use of seat belts when operating forklifts.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Safety-education; Safety-practices; Drivers; Region-3; Equipment-operators; Protective-equipment; Personal-protective-equipment; Personal-protection; Safety-practices
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-98MD005; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-309872
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Maryland Division of Labor and Industry