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Changing patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality - United States, 1968 - 2000.

Authors
Attfield-MD; Wood-JM; Antao-VC; Pinheiro-GA
Source
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2004 Aug; 292(7):795-796
NIOSHTIC No.
20026182
Abstract
Pneumoconioses are caused by the inhalation and deposition of mineral dusts in the lungs, resulting in pulmonary fibrosis and other parenchymal changes. Many persons with early pneumoconiosis are asymptomatic, but advanced disease often is accompanied by disability and premature death. Known pneumoconioses include coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), silicosis, asbestosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, graphitosis, and talcosis. No effective treatment for these diseases is available (1). This report describes the temporal patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality during 1968--2000, which indicates an overall decrease in pneumoconiosis mortality. However, asbestosis increased steadily and is now the most frequently recorded pneumoconiosis on death certificates. Increased awareness of this trend is needed among health-care providers, employers, workers, and public health agencies.
Keywords
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Asbestos-workers; Asbestosis; Mineral-dusts; Lung-disease; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
CODEN
JAMAAP
CAS No.
1332-21-4
Publication Date
20040818
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2004
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
0098-7484
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Journal of the American Medical Association
State
GA; WV
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