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Validation of seismic tomography to detect stress in an underground mine.

Scott-DF; Jordan-J; Tesarik-D; Williams-T; Denton-D
2004 SME Annual Meeting, Feb 23-25, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 04-80. Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc., 2004 Feb; :1-9
Personnel from the Spokane Research Laboratory of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health integrated the results of studies from a seismic tomographic survey, a finite-difference analysis, laboratory measurements of compression wave (ultrasonic) velocities in rock cores, and site geology to evaluate the use of seismic tomography for identifying induced pressures in an underground pillar at the Edgar Mine, Idaho Springs, CO. The key findings were that (1) the seismic tomograms showed that seismic velocities in rock adjacent to mine openings were low, (2) a difference tomogram in which in situ stresses on the east and west sides of the slot were compared showed that velocities increased west of the slot but decreased east of the slot, (3) geologic features (rock types and a fault) identified through geologic mapping were recognizable in the seismic tornograms, (4) ultrasonic velocity measurements on the rock cores agreed with seismic velocity measurements in the tomograms, and (5) results from a finite-difference analysis compared well to the seismic tomograms west of the slot but not east of the slot. The significance of this research is that seismic tomography is a useful tool for determining relative stress in underground pillars.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Geology; Rock-mechanics; Analytical-methods; Analytical-processes; Accident-prevention; Injury-prevention
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Research Tools and Approaches: Control Technology and Personal Protective Equipment
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2004 SME Annual Meeting, Feb 23-25, Denver, Colorado, Preprint 04-80