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Increased reporting of occupational hearing loss: workers' compensation in Washington State, 1984-1998.

Authors
Daniell-WE; Fulton-Kehoe-D; Cohen-M; Swan-SS; Franklin-GM
Source
Am J Ind Med 2002 Dec; 42(6):502-510
NIOSHTIC No.
20025946
Abstract
Workers' compensation claims for hearing loss increased two-fold during 1984-1991 in Washington State. This population-based descriptive study examined 27,019 claims filed during 1984-1998 and accepted for hearing loss, in the workers' compensation jurisdiction that covers nearly all non-federal workers in Washington State. The number of claims increased 12-fold during 1984-1998. The annual incidence reached 2.6/1,000 workers statewide, and 70/1,000 in the most impacted industry. The increase involved all ages over 35 years, especially claimants over 65 years. Only 4% of providers accounted for 66% of claims. Most claimants (90%) received permanent partial disability compensation. In 1998, identifiable costs exceeded $57 million dollars. The striking increase in claims is probably largely due to reporting phenomena unrelated to current work circumstances. However, occupational hearing loss is probably much more common than usually recognized, and contemporary workers may still face substantial risk for hearing loss.
Keywords
Occupational-health; Hearing-loss; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Workers; Worker-health; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Epidemiology; Occupational-diseases; Statistical-analysis
Contact
William E. Daniell, Department of Environmental Health, University of Washington, Box 357234, Seattle, WA 98195-7234
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20021201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
bdaniell@u.washington.edu
Funding Amount
491140
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003894
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
0271-3586
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Hearing Loss
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WA
Performing Organization
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
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