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Ethical and social issues in the use of biomarkers in epidemiological research.

Authors
Schulte-PA; Hunter-D; Rothman-N
Source
Application of Biomarkers in Cancer Epidemiology. IARC Scientific Publications No. 142. P. Toniolo, P. Boffetta, D. E. G. Shuker, N. Rothman, B. Hulka and N. Pearce, eds., Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 1997 Dec; :313-318
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20025890
Abstract
The use of biomarkers in epidemiological research may raise ethical and social issues. These issues stem from the belief that research participants have 'rights' to appropriate information before, during and after studies so that they can make informed decisions. Ethical issues can arise during protocol development, obtaining participation, and in the Interpretation and notification of text and study results. Additionally, there are ethical considerations concerning the use of biological specimens collected and stored for one purpose and subsequently used for other research purposes. A major ethical issue is the maintenance of participants' privacy and the confidentiality of their test and study results. Ethics committees need to be well informed about the scope, limitations and expectations of biomarker research in order to be able to respond to social and scientific developments in the use of biomarkers.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Biomarkers; Humans; Sociology
Contact
Paul A. Schulte, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, C-14, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Publication Date
19971215
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Toniolo-P; Boffetta-P; Shuker-DEG; Rothman-N; Hulka-B; Pearce-N
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
928322127
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
Application of Biomarkers in Cancer Epidemiology. IARC Scientific Publications No. 142
State
OH
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