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Relationship of roof movement and strata-induced microseismic emissions to roof falls.

Authors
Iannacchione-AT; Coyle-PR; Prosser-LJ; Marshall-TE; Litsenberger-J
Source
Min Eng 2004 Dec; 56(12):53-60
NIOSHTIC No.
20025750
Abstract
For the first time in an underground stone mine, the relationship between roof movement and microseismic emissions was examined in conjunction with two distinct roof fall areas. As roof monitoring increases in acceptance and monitoring technology advances, the goal of providing reliable roof fall detection systems to enhance the safety of underground mine workers moves closer to reality. Instrumental to reaching this goal is the ability to interpret accurately and completely roof movement and microseismic emissions, which can serve as precursors to roof falls. This paper examines the capabilities of convergence and microseismic monitoring systems to better understand roof rock failure mechanics and to anticipate roof falls. An understanding of how these techniques are used and how they interact with each other is critical in developing the most effective ground control strategy for our Nation's mines.
Keywords
Underground-mining; Stone-mines; Ground-control; Ground-stability; Rock-falls; Safety-research; Hazards; Geology; Mining-industry
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CODEN
MIENAB
Publication Date
20041201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
12
ISSN
0026-5187
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
Source Name
Mining Engineering
State
PA
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