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Using the extended parallel process model to prevent noise-induced hearing loss among coal miners in Appalachia.

Authors
Murray-Johnson-L; Witte-K; Patel-D; Orrego-V; Zuckerman-C; Maxfield-AM; Thimons-ED
Source
Health Educ Behav 2004 Dec; 31(6):741-755
NIOSHTIC No.
20025739
Abstract
Occupational noise-induced hearing loss is the second most self-reported occupational illness or injury in the United States. Among coal miners, more than 90% of the population reports a hearing deficit by age 55. In this formative evaluation, focus groups were conducted with coal miners in Appalachia to ascertain whether miners perceive hearing loss as a major health risk and, if so, what would motivate the consistent wearing of hearing protection devices. The theoretical framework of the Extended Parallel Process Model was used to identify the miners' knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and current behaviors regarding hearing protection. Focus group participants had strong perceived severity and varying levels of perceived susceptibility to hearing loss. Various barriers significantly reduced the self-efficacy and the response efficacy of using hearing protection.
Keywords
Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Hearing-loss; Occupational-health; Coal-miners; Coal-mining; Hearing-protection; Mining-industry; Behavior
Contact
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
CODEN
HEDBFS
Publication Date
20041201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2005
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1090-1981
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Health Education & Behavior
State
PA; WV; IN
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