Portable electrochemical sensor methods.
NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, Fourth edition. Third supplement. Cincinnati, OH: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Mar; :70-74
INTRODUCTION: Portable electrochemical sensor methods include instruments employing this technology in the determination of oxygen and several toxic gases in the field, using battery-supplied power. They range in size from those small enough to fit into a shirt pocket and weighing less than one pound (0.45 kg) to larger units that weigh as much as six pounds (2.7 kg). 2. PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION: The basis for all electrochemical sensors is the use of a porous membrane (normally PTFE) or capillary system which allows the gas to diffuse into the cell containing the liquid or gel electrolyte and the electrodes (Figure 1). The exact configuration will vary with manufacturers and between different toxic gases. When the gas comes into contact with the electrolyte, a change in electrochemical potential between the electrodes is produced. Associated electronic circuitry then will measure, amplify, and control this electronic signal. Because the reaction is proportional to the concentration (partial pressure) of gas present, the signal is easily translated into parts per million, percent, or ppm-hrs, and read on the readout meter or stored in microprocessor circuits for later readout.
Sampling-methods; Laboratory-equipment; Laboratory-techniques; Monitors; Monitors; Detectors
Book or book chapter
NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, Fourth edition. Third supplement