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International collaborative effort on occupational injuries: comparison of work-related fatal injuries involving motor vehicles in Australia, New Zealand and the United States.

Driscoll-T; Feyer-AM; Stout-N; Langley-J
The 7th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, Vienna, Austria, June 6th-9th 2004. Vienna, Austria: Kuratorium für Schutz und Sicherheit/Institut Sicher Leben, 2004 Jun; :190
Problem under study: Comparison of data on work-related injuries between countries is difficult because of differences in data definitions, inclusion criteria and available data. This limits the ability to learn from different approaches to occupational health and safety in different countries. Objectives: To compare the number, rate and characteristics of work-related fatalities involving motor vehicles in Australia, New Zealand and the United States. Methodology: This is one of a series of specific studies arising from a collaborative project that uses data describing work-related fatal injuries in three countries over a similar time period (Australia and the United States: 1989 to 1992; New Zealand: 1985 to 1994). This study uses newly available data from New Zealand to examine work-related deaths arising from fatal incidents involving motor vehicles in the three countries. Data definitions, inclusion criteria and denominator data used for rates will be standardised as much as possible to maximise the validity of the comparisons, based on the approach used for the comparison of workplace deaths. Results: Comparisons will be made on the basis of the number, rate and circumstances of the deaths identified in the three countries. Incidents in the whole workforce will be examined, with particular focus on high-risk occupations and industries and the mechanisms involved in the incidents. Conclusion: The detailed comparison of information from three countries on work-related deaths involving motor vehicles allows a better understanding of the differences and similarities in these deaths between three industrialized countries, and potentially of the relative effectiveness of relevant approaches to occupational health and safety in these countries. It also provides insights into methods to overcome difficulties in validly comparing injury data between countries.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Motor-vehicles; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Accident-rates; Accident-prevention; Accident-statistics; Injury-prevention
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The 7th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion, Vienna Austria, June 6th-9th 2004