NIOSH autoROPS 3rd generation static testing and human interaction element.
McKenzie-EA Jr.; Etherton-JR; Harris-JR; Cantis-DM; Lutz-TJ
Proceedings of the ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2003), November 16-21, 2003, Washington, DC. New York: The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, IMECE2003-41330, 2003 Nov; :1-6
To address the need for rollover protective structures (ROPS) on farm tractors that are easily adapted to low clearance situations, the Division of Safety Research (DSR), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), developed a automatically deploying, telescoping ROPS (AutoROPS). The NIOSH AutoROPS at the present is in the third generation design and static testing phase, and the first phase of human subject (human operator) testing and manufacturing. The static testing is based on the SAE J2194 standard for testing ROPS for agricultural tractor use. The nature of the NIOSH AutoROPS is to be in a retracted position until the overturn is determined to be emanate. It is during the deployment time period that potential safety hazards exist that are not present in a traditional fixed ROPS and not addressed in the standards. In regards to the new hazards a key ingredient in refining the design that will be functional and desirable to the operator is human interaction. The feedback from farmers who have operated a tractor with the NIOSH AutoROPS installed and in the ready state will enhance the design and acceptability. It is goal that the more ROPS in use (with seat belts) in low clearance environments will reduce some of the 132 (average) fatal agricultural overturns which occur each year in the United States alone (Myers and Snyder, 1993). This paper discusses the overall performance of the NIOSH AutoROPS as subjected to the SAE J2194 standard and human interaction/feedback of operating an agriculture tractor with this added safety devise.
Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Mortality-data; Occupational-hazards; Injury-prevention; Tractors; Monitors; Farmers; Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Surveillance-programs; Protective-equipment; Engineering-controls
Proceedings of the ASME 2003 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE2003), November 16-21, 2003, Washington, DC